(2020 New)What is Self-Determination Meaning? Its Theory of Motivation


What is Self-Determination Meaning?


Self-determination Meaning is an empirical, organism-based theory of human behavior and personality development. Self-determination theory analysis focuses primarily on the psychological level, And it distinguishes the type of autonomy controlled by motivation along a continuum.



self-determination meaning



The Self Determination Meaning is particularly concerned with social context factors that support or cheat people’s prosperity through the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs for competence, Relatedness, and autonomy.


Self-Determination Theory of Motivation


It contains the Seven  Self‑Determination Theory of Motivation:


  • The Cognitive Evaluation Theory Part I
  • Cognitive Evaluation Theory, Part II
  • Organismic Integration Theory
  • Causality Orientations Theory
  • Basic Psychological Needs Theory
  • Goal Contents Theory
  • Relationships Motivation Theory


1.The cognitive Evaluation Theory part I

The effects of rewards, feedback, and other external


Cognitive evaluation theory, the first of self-development theory of 6 theories, Specifically focuses on intrinsic motivation. The primary concern of cognitive evaluation theory is how events occur in the social environment intrinsic motivation.



The phenomenon of intrinsic motivation reflects the primary and spontaneous propensity of some organisms, especially mammals, to develop through activity—to play, explore, and manipulate things and, in doing so, to expand their competencies and capacities.







This natural inclination is an especially significant feature of human nature that affects people’s cognitive and emotional development, quality of performance, and psychological well-being. and because it represents a prototypical manifestation of integrative organismic tendencies, self-determination theory research began with it as a primary focus.



It is among the most important of the inner resources that evolution has provided. Although intrinsic motivation by no means represents the whole of human motivation, the study of this type of motivation provided a paradigm-shifting area of discovery that has highlighted both the active nature of the healthy organism and its vulnerability to being controlled or stifled.



2.Cognitive Evaluation Theory, Part II

Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Processes Affecting Intrinsic Motivation



As we discussed above the first part of cognitive evaluation theory, beginning with a focus on how the social contexts or interpersonal climate can differentially support or thwart basic psychological need satisfaction and, thus, intrinsic motivation.



In part 1 of cognitive evaluation theory, we focused on the effects of specific types of external events, such as reward contingencies, positive and negative feedback, threats of punishment, deadlines, and opportunities for choice, on intrinsic motivation.






The experimental research revealed that certain kinds of events can, on average, be expected to influence experiences of autonomy and competence and thereby facilitate or undermine intrinsic motivational processes.



Yet it should not be forgotten that, as social and cultural creatures, few such events take place outside of social contexts and interpersonal relationships.



When rewards are given, deadlines assigned, or feedback delivered, these are almost always delivered by another person or group of persons whose goals, relations with the target person, and approach shape how these events will be interpreted.


The interpersonal styles, attitudes, intentions, and techniques of motivators, be they managers, teachers, parents, or coaches, convey support for or diminish the person’s sense of autonomy, competence, and relatedness and therefore affect the functional significance of any event (feedback, reward, etc.)being delivered.



Beyond the influence of external others, each individual experiences his or her own intrapersonal context (e.g., self-motivating styles, standards, values, and pressures) that influenced her or his intrinsic motivation and persistence.



People, that is, can regulate their own behaviors in ways that are self-controlling versus self-supporting, or critical versus benign, affecting the dynamics of motivation, just as external others can do.


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3.Organismic Integration Theory

Internalization and the Differentiation of Extrinsic Motivation



Whereas the focus of the previous two-part was on intrinsic motivation, the current chapter is concerned with various forms of extrinsic motivation and their causes and consequences. In addressing extrinsic motivation, we present the second of Organismic Integration Theory mini-theories: Organismic integration theory.



Central to Organismic Integration Theory are the concepts of internalization and integration, which can result in four major types of motivational regulation—external, introjected, identified, and integrated—which vary in their degree of autonomy, as well as in their specific antecedents and effects on experience and behavior.



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Self-determination theory hypothesizes that greater relative autonomy is associated with higher quality behavior and greater persistence.


Intrinsic motivation is an important phenomenon, as it concerns a quintessential expression of the growth-oriented tendencies of the human psyche. When intrinsically motivated, individuals move autonomously toward new challenges, wider frames of experience, and increased coherence in understanding.



They enact behaviors that interest them, seek stimulation, test limits, and openly assimilate what is novel. Yet socialized life is not all fun and games.


As group animals, we engage in many behaviors that may not be intrinsically motivated, including chores, work, duties, rituals, and exercising self-restraint. We often adopt such practices because socializing agents expect, promote, laud, or even compel them.



In this part, we focus on what motivates individuals to engage in behaviors and practices that are not necessarily intrinsically interesting. In particular, we address what motivates people to engage in goals or practices deemed valuable by families, groups, or societies, especially those that are not inherently enjoyable, and to refrain from (potentially enjoyable) behaviors deemed wrong or problematic.



The motivation for adopting such behaviors is extrinsic; that is, people engage in such behaviors because of the instrumental value of the behaviors. At issue is whether people can become autonomous for such extrinsically motivated behaviors and, if they can, how socializing agents facilitate or undermine such autonomous engagement.



4.Causality Orientations Theory

Individual Differences in, and Priming of, Motivational Orientations


When discussing the Cognitive Evaluation Theory and Organismic Integration Theory, we focused on social-contextual influences on intrinsic motivation and the internalization of extrinsic motivation. In this part, we change the focus to individual differences in motivational styles.



The primary individual differences studied within self-development theories are people’s autonomous, controlled, and impersonal causality orientations. People high in the autonomy orientation tend to give informational functional significances to contexts; they take interest in events and see possibilities for choice and self-determination.


cognitive Evolutionary theory


Those high in the control orientation tend to focus on the controlling aspects of environments and the presence of external rewards and social pressures. Finally, those high in the impersonal orientation tend to see environments as uncontrollable or motivating.


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5.Basic Psychological Needs Theory

Satisfaction and Frustration of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness in Relation to Psychological Wellness and Full Functioning



In this part, we are going to discuss how conditions that support the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness facilitate intrinsic motivation, internalization and integration of extrinsic motivation, and more autonomous causality orientations.



In this part we extend this work, formalizing the propositions of basic psychological needs theory, the fourth of self-development theory’s mini-theories. basic psychological needs theory concerns the relations of basic psychological need satisfaction and frustrations to well-being and ill-being.



6.Goal Contents Theory

Aspirations, Life Goals, and Their Varied Consequences



In this part, we address not the why but rather the what if people’s behaviors—that is the content of the life goals they are pursuing.



Early research indicated that many life goals fall into two broad categories: extrinsic (e.g., the pursuit of wealth, fame, and image) and intrinsic (e.g., the pursuit of personal growth, relationships, and contributing to community) and that these different categories of goals relate differently toWell-being.



7.Relationships Motivation Theory

The Self in Close Relationships



In this part, we outline relationships motivation theory, a sixth self-determination mini-theory concerning the qualities of close relationships and their consequences. Relationships Motivation Theory proposes that the relatedness need is intrinsic and inclines people to be volitionally engaged in close relationships.



Factors that undermine an internal perceived locus of causality for social interactions detract from a sense of relatedness, as do any factors that convey that the other lacks autonomy for connecting.



The satisfaction of all three basic needs within relationships is associated with more secure attachment, authenticity, and emotional reliance, as well as higher relationship-specific vitality and wellness.



In fact, Relationships Motivation Theory suggests that need satisfaction versus frustration largely mediates the relations between social supports and psychological wellness outcomes.



Receiving autonomy support from a relational partner facilitates the receiver’s need satisfaction, along with authenticity, emotional reliance, transparency, and non-defensiveness.




Self-Determination and Its Theory of Motivation Infographics


self determination and Its thoery of motivation Infographicsself determination and Its thoery of motivation Infographics 1


What is Self-Determination Meaning?


Self-determination Meaning is an empirical, organism-based theory of human behavior and personality development. Self-determination theory analysis focuses primarily on the psychological level, And it distinguishes the type of autonomy controlled by motivation along a continuum. The Self Determination Meaning is particularly concerned with social context factors that support or cheat people's prosperity through the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs for competence, Relatedness, and autonomy.

what are the types of Self-Determination theory of motivation ?

It contains the Seven Self‑Determination Theory of Motivation:

1.The Cognitive Evaluation Theory Part I

2.Cognitive Evaluation Theory Part II

3.Organismic Integration Theory

4.Causality Orientations Theory

5.Basic Psychological Needs Theory

6.Goal Contents Theory

7.Relationships Motivation Theory